Geography Case Study - Restless Earth

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  • 11th March 2011, there was a 9.0 magnitude earthquake in Japan.
  • The epicentre was 130 km east of Sendai
  • Japan is on the eastern edge of the Eurasion plate. The Pacific plate (oceanic) is then subducted under the Eurasion plate. Which is called a destructive plate margin.
  • Subduction caused friction in the Pacific plate which then caused the earthquake and tsunami.

Primary Impacts:

  • Around 16,000 people were killed
  • 2 million people were left homeless as a result of the tsunami. 

Secondary Impacts:

  • 500,000 people were forced to live in shelters
  • Water bourne diseases spread rapidly because of the scarcity of water. 
  • The earthquake caused a…


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