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Effects of volcanic eruptions

Helgafjell Volcano, Iceland (

Volcanic eruptions can have a devastating effect on people and the environment.

However, unlike earthquakes, volcanoes can also have a positive impact on an area. These positive impacts can help to explain why people choose to live near volcanoes.

Positive and negative effects of an eruption


  • The dramatic scenery created by volcanic eruptions attracts tourists. This brings income to an area.
  • The lava and ash


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