Geography - Settlement

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Functions of settlements 


  • In the past main functions was to provide jobs in secondary industry.
  • Located in coalfields and have good access to railways and canals for transport.
  • In North Staffordshire such as Kidsgrove near Birmingham.
  • Newer industrials found on the outskirts of settlements near main roads for transport 
  • EG; Green science park in Reading close to the M4 junction 11.


  • Main purpose = provide somewhere to live
  • Often have very few services and very little industry
  • Found in/near large towns or cities
  • To provide for the retired eg; Eastbourne (SE


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