Gender and Health
Women’s life expectancy (born 2004) – 81.1 years old
Men’s life expectancy (“) – 76.7 years old
Men’s death rates are double women’s in every class.
Two thirds of death before retirement age male.
Morbidity rates – more female
Women go to the doctor’s 50% more often than men between ages of 15-64
Consume more non- and prescription drugs
Are admitted for more operations
Receive more anti-depressants, tranquilisers etc.
Are off with reported sickness more often
Explanations for inequalities between the sexes
· Men are weaker sex, male babies die more than female babies
· Evidence for genetic resistance to heart disease.
· The maintenance of the female body – more problems such as contraception, menstruation etc.
· Women live longer and therefore experience more degenerative diseases
Gender role socialisation
· Masculine ideas of being able to endure pain, admitting pain seen as ‘feminine vulnerability’
· Women are socialised to express feelings and are more willing to admit health problems, contrast to boys who are socialised to ‘keep it in’
· Women more aware of health problems as they are…