Gender and Health

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Gender and Health

Facts

Women’s life expectancy (born 2004) – 81.1 years old

Men’s life expectancy (“) – 76.7 years old

Men’s death rates are double women’s in every class.

Two thirds of death before retirement age male.

Morbidity rates – more female

Women go to the doctor’s 50% more often than men between ages of 15-64

Consume more non- and prescription drugs

Are admitted for more operations

Receive more anti-depressants, tranquilisers etc.

Are off with reported sickness more often

Explanations for inequalities between the sexes

Biology

· Men are weaker sex, male babies die more than female babies

· Evidence for genetic resistance to heart disease.

· The maintenance of the female body – more problems such as contraception, menstruation etc.

· Women live longer and therefore experience more degenerative diseases

Gender role socialisation

· Masculine ideas of being able to endure pain, admitting pain seen as ‘feminine vulnerability’

· Women are socialised to express feelings and are more willing to admit health problems, contrast to boys who are socialised to ‘keep it in’

· Women more aware of health problems as they are

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