Gender and Achievement
- Improving women's rights and opportunities.
- Raised women's expectations and self-esteem.
Changes In The Family:
- Increase in divorce.
- Increase in cohabitation/Decrease in first marriages.
- Increase in lone-parent families.
- Smaller families.
- New adult role models for girls.
- Increase in divorce encourages girls to look after themselves and get qualifications to make a living.
Changes in Employment:
- Equal Pay Act - illegal to pay women less than men for similar work.
- Proportion of women in employment has risen.
- Women are breaking 'glass ceiling' - invisible barrier to keep them out of high level jobs.
- Instead of having love and marriage before a carrer, girls are now more likely to see their future as an independent woman with a career rather than being dependent on a male breadwinner.
Equal Opportunities Policies
- GIST (Girls Into Science and Technology) and WISE (Women Into Science and Engineering) encourage girls to get careers in non-traditional areas.
- National Curriculum removed gender inequality by making boys and girls study the same subjects.
- Schooling has become more meritocractic - girls who work harder than boys, achieve more.
Positive Role Models
- Increase in female teachers and head teachers showing girls they can achieve positions of importance and giving them high…