Specific concepts from AS that you can use in your A2 essays CLA/Language Change essays to make synoptic links.
Language and Power
Wareing (1999) says there are 3 types of power
Social group- class/gender/age
instrumental power- enforce authority
influential power- persuade others
power in discourse- power relations are set up linguistically
power behind discourse- organisations/important people
synthetic personalisation- tailoring adverts/texts to make it seem personal by using ‘you’
power asymmetry- difference in power status between the POWERFUL PARTICIPANT and the LESS POWER PARTICIPANT by putting CONSTRAINTS on them.
Coulthard and Sinclair- IRF
Initiation- response- feedback model
FORMULATION: rewarding of another’s contribution by a powerful participant to impose certain meaning.
Levinson and Brown
Politeness theory- positive/negative face and face threatening acts (FTA)
Negative politeness “I’m really sorry but would you mind...”
Positive politeness “You’re always so generous,…