- Created by: freyash
- Created on: 05-10-18 14:59
Sex and Gender
- Sex = biological differences between male and females i.e. chromosomes, hormones and anatomy.
- Gender = pyschological and cultural differences between male and females i.e. attitudes, behaviours and social roles
- Sex Role Stereotype = a set belief and preconceived ideas about what to expect or appropriate for males and females in a given society.
- Gender Identity Disorder = when the biologically prescribed sex does not reflect the way you feel inside.
- The Batista Boys - Family in the Dominican Republic, who identified as females until puberty, where they naturally became male.
Androgyny and the BRSI
- Androgyny = displaying a balance of masculine and feminine characteristics
- Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) = The first systematic attempt to measure androgyny using a a rating scale og 60 traits -
- Evaluation =the scale would appear to be valid and reliable, assosiation between androgyny and psychological well being, oversimplifies a complex concept.
Role of chromosomesand hormones
- Chromosmes = found in nucleus carries info in genes, the 23rd pair determines sex, male - XY. female - **.
- Hormones = chemical subsance circulated in the blood taht controls and regulates the activity of cells and organs. Testosterone = influences sexual differences in womb, affecting internal/external genitalia, brain and beaviour. Oestrogen = has physical (development of breasts) and pyschological (PMT) effects. Oxytocin = helps facilitate childbirth and breastfeeding, increases five fold during sex, affects female behaviour. -
- Evaluation = evidence to support the role of chromosomes and hormones - David Reimer, contradictory evidence, objuections to pre-menstual