GCSE PE Revision (6)

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  • Motivation means the need or drive to do something with determination.
  • It is important for players in sports, for those who want to follow a healthy lifestyle and for sports performers to be well motivated, but some seem to be better motivated than others.
  • Some decide to be physically active for only a short period of time, whereas some seem addicted to exercise.
  • When 2 athletes of very similar ability race against each other the winner is invariably the one who is better motivated.
  • There are some people who do not seem at all interested in playing sports or following a healthy lifestyle.
  • It is important to find out what motivates people to participate, follow a healthy lifestyle and do well in sport because we can then encourage more people to be fit and healthy and also to be involved in sport and performing at a high level.
  • Intrinsic or internal motivation
  • Intrinsic motivation is the internal drive or willpower that people have to participate in physical activities or to do well in sport.
  • Intrinsic motives include fun, enjoyment and satisfaction that is experienced b achieving something or simply in doing it for its own sake.
  • Some athletes describe the intrinsic 'flow' experienced during competition.
  • They speak of high levels of concentration and a feeling that they are in total control.
  • External or extrinsic motivation
  • Extrinsic motivation involves influences external to the performer; for instance, the drive to do well in physical activity or sport could come from the need to please others or to gain rewards like medals or badges - or in some cases large amounts of money.
  • Rewards that include badges or prize money are referred to as tangible rewards.
  • Rewards that involve getting the first place in the league or getting praise…


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