GCSE French Grammar - Articles

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  • Created by: Will
  • Created on: 26-02-17 13:17

GCSE French Grammar - Articles

Gender

Every French noun has a gender. All people, places or things are either masculine or feminine. Masculine: le livre - the book. Feminine: la table - the table.

Singular: masculine: le (the), un (a/an)

Singular: feminine: la (the), une (a/an)

Plural: measculine: les (the), des (some)

Plural: feminine: les (the), des (some)

  • Le livre - the book, un livre - a book
  • Les livres - the books, des livres - some books

Le and la become l' if the noun begins with a vowel or a silent h:

  • L'hôpital (m) - the hospital
  • L'égilse (f) - the church

Plurals

Most French nouns make the plural by adding -s, but it is not pronounced.

Le chat- the cat, Les chats - the cats

Some nouns add -x in the plural:

  • -ail  travail --> travaux (works)
  • -al  animal --> animaux (animals)
  • -eau  bureau --> bureax (offices)
  • -eu  jeu --> jeux (games)
  • -ou  bijou --> bijous (jewels)

Nouns ending in -x, -z or -s don't change:

  • Un os - a bone, deux os - two bones
  • Un nez - a nose, deux nez - two noses

Masculine or feminine

If you don't know the gender of a word, you can look it up in a dictionary or on the internet, but here are some tips:

Masculine nouns:

  • male people: l'homme - the man
  • male…

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