The functionalist perspective on education:
Functionalism is based on he view that society is a system of parts held together by a value consensus - an agreement among society's members about what values are important. Each part of society, such as education system, the economy or the family, performs functions that help to maintain society. When studying education, functionalists seek to discover what functions it performs.
Emile Durkheim identifies two main functions of education. Creating social solidarity, and teaching specialist skills.
Durkheim argues that society needs a sense of solidarity. This is that individual members must feel themselves to be part of a single community. He argues that without social solidarity, social life and cooperation would…