Functionalist theories of crime Part2

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...Functionalist theories of crime

Differential Association Theory says that people learn deviance from others

  • Sutherland (1939) argued that deviance is learned 
  • This is known as differential association theory as deviance is passed on through association with other deviants

Cohen said working-class boys experience status frustration

  • subcultural theories sy that the cultual values of some groups actually encourage deviance
  • some deviance is conformity to norms and values - just different of those to society
  • Cohen said deliquent gangs provide prestige for adolescents frustrated at their lack of status in society
  • Cohen said that working class boys have a lack of opportunities to succeed in mainstream society largely due to cultural deprivation, this leads to disatisfaction with their social position, calling this…

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