- Society is more important than the individuals who comprise it.
- Social institutions (education, media, law, family, religion) shape individuals.
- If a social institution exists it must have a function.
- Consensus theory - value consensus (shared values and norms) - social order.
- Cornerstone of society - dominant role amongst other institutions.
- Extremely functional, beneficial and necesary for smooth running of society.
- Nuclear family is universal - 4 basic functions.
- Reproductive - survival of society, procreation usually occurs within a marital context.
- Sexual - unregulated sexual behaviour can be potentially socially disruptive. Marital sex creates an emotional bond and encourages fidelity and commitment to family life.
- Economic - parents provide children with things vital for sustaining life and take economic responsibility for their welfare. Benefits society because of division of labour.
- Educational - children learn social values and norms via primary socialisation from parents to be conformist citizens.
- Fails to acknowledge that families are the product of culture not biology and so family roles and relationships will…