Isaac Newton - everything subject to natural laws - cause and effect
results have been preceded by particular events
seed - grows (necessary conditions)
are we subject to the same natural laws?
to many we are different than animals because we possess a ssoul but they do not and follow pre programmed reponses
materialist - denying we are any different than the rest of nature
simple physical being - no spiritual or mental aspects beyond the physical workings of the brain
thus we are under the same laws of nature as animals
all our actions are the results of unexplainable causes
even tho we are not aware what they r
"The sense of deliberation is an illusion - men think themselves free because they are concious of their actions but ignorant of the causes of them" - Spinoza
spin - no free will whatsoever. wishful thinking.
d'Holbach - fly gun carriage
- all action stands at the end of a complex network of events
- sociological, psychological, politcal cultural influences
- these determine our actions
- strict, unchangable natural laws
- not free -c ant be held responsible
- free choice - illusion
- conditioning - behaviouralism?
LEOPOLD AND LOEB
DARROW - "INHERENT WITHIN THE ORGANISM"
"desire to kill, thrill, perfect crime"