Formation of Relationships AQA A2

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Formation of relationships

A01 -

·         Reward/Need/Satisfaction - Byrne and Clore 1970:

o   Attracted to people we find most satisfying to be with  - most stimuli in life is either viewed as rewarding or punishing

o   Rewarding stimuli produces positive feelings in us and punishing stimuli produce negative feelings

o   People are often viewed as stimuli, according to operant conditioning we are likely to repeat behaviours that make us happy and avoid behaviours that lead to an undesirable outcome

o   Therefore we enter into relationships because the presence of an individual make us happy and therefore the person is more attractive

o   We also like people that are associated with positive events such as a party or holiday where we are most happy

o   We are much more inclined to liking someone if we meet them when in a positive mood

o   So previously neutral stimulus can be positively valued as we associate them with a positive event (Classical conditioning)

o   Balance of positive and negative feelings are crucial in a relationship with the positive outweighing the negative



Evidence for the importance of reward- Griffit and Guay 1969

Participants were asked to participate in a creative task and evaluated by an experimenter. They were then asked to rate how much they liked the experimenter - ratings were highest when the participants were given positive feedback.


Physiological support - Aron et al 2005

Participants who measured high on a love quiz also showed strong areas of activity in the


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