foreign policy under Mary I. Did England benefit from spanish alliance?

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Foreign Policy under Mary: Did England benefit from being a close ally of Spain?

 

Shp

 

What was the impact of the break-up of CV’s empire?

Date

Event

Effect

1554:

1.     January

 

Marriage arranged

 

Xenophobic reaction

Wyatt uprising

Relations w/ Habsburg: Charles wanted Catholic again – Sp. Presence met w/resistance, North had kept at arms length

1555-1556

2.     October-January

 

Abdication of Charles V – Empire split between P and Ferdinand

 

Phillip now saw England as: irrelevant. Mary couldn’t provide an heir tf no point.

1556

3.     February

 

 

Treaty of Vaucelles established peace between France and Sp.

 

Mary acted as peacemaker

1556

4.     July

 

Alliance w/ France and papacy reopens H-V wars

 

Phillip demands help

Mary stuck between husband + pope whom she had just reconciled with

1557

5.     January

 

England sends troops to Neds

 

Why?

1557

6.     March

 

Phillip -> England (support for war)

 

Contribution was modest and non – committal (only 7,000 troops

 

1557

7.     April

 

Thomas Stafford in Scarborough

 

Henry II supported invasion and protected exiles

1557

8.     June

 

War on France declared

 

Marriage to Phillip – he was at war with France + Stafford

1557

9.     August

 

Phillip defeats

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