Rich and Poor parts of the world are affected differently by Flooding.
Flood in a rich part of the world:
Place: Carlisle, England
Date: 8th January, 2005
- Heavy rainfall - 200mm of rain fell in 36 hours.
- The continuous rainfall saturated the soil, increasing runoff into the River Eden.
- Carlisle is a large urban area - impermeable materials like concrete increased runoff.
- This caused the discharge of the River Eden to reach 1520 cumecs (its average discharge is 52 cumecs).
- 3 deaths.
- Around 3000 people were made homeless.
- 4 schools were severely flooded.
- 350 businesses were shut down.
- 70 000 addresses lost power.
- Some roads and bridges were damaged.
- Rivers were polluted with rubbish and sewage.
- Children lost out on education - one school was closed for months.
- Stress-related illnesses increased after the floods.
- Around 3000 jobs were at risk in businesses affected by the foods.
- People were evacuated from the areas that flooded.
- Reception centres were opened around Carlisle to provide food and drinks for evacuees.
- Temporary accommodation was set up…