Features of Russia's Industrial Organisation Prior to 1890s

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State Proprietary Factories

  • Provided manufacturing essential for national security
  • Armaments, sailcloth, arms, gunfounding factories
  • State run factories with peasant workers who were attached to a factory for life
  • Also had prisoners of war, beggars, criminals and orphans as workers
  • Raw Materials: wool obtained instead of taxes
  • Factories had relatively low qualities of work

Estate Factories

  • Developed in 18th Century by nobles on their estate
  • Nobles with no factories sold or hired work…

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