Fascist Italy

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Italy - Viable Nation

- What problems faced the rulers of Italy after it became a unified country?

- Italy unifies quickly and inharmoniously

  • Introduction
  • Italy not a nation until 1871
  • Count Meterich - "Italy is no more than a geographical expression"
  • It has been split up for 1,500 years
  • The last time was during the Roman empire reign
  • Developed along different lines, e.g. North and South
  • 19th century; nationalism develops
  • Desire for unification is growing
  • Risorgimento - 1860-1871
  • liberal Italy... what the new government calls it
  • ---> The new regime
  • Range of challenges to face it
  • Unification creates huge problems
  • Survival protects
  • Italy a divided place?
  • Piedmont is a rich northern state
  • Map 4... orange section
  • Grown power in the 19th century
  • Lombardy/ veneto - (Australian owned)
  • Before unification of Italy there was a split into very different places.
  • Papal States
  • Papal states owned by the pope
  • Kingdom of 2 Sicilies barely changes for last 2 centuries
  • It is backward
  • Autocratic -> Run by one person
  • Desperately poor
  • Many petty dukedom
  • Most people speak dialects of Italian
  • Diverse, very little in common with itself
  • Inadequate unification
  • Mainly foreign
  • -1861 - French allies
  • -1866 - Prussia allies
  • Mozzini defined idea of hope
  • "Itallia fara de se"
  • ^ Italy will make itself
  • Humiliating Italian defeats
  • - Cutozza 1866
  • - Naval defeat…

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