EXTERNAL FACTORS & ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN ACHIEVEMENT

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  • Created by: HMGO
  • Created on: 20-05-15 10:35

OFFICIAL STATS show PAKISTANI/BANGLADESHI BOYS are the lowest achieving group, & that INDIAN GIRLS are amongst the highest achieving.

22% out of PAKISTANI/BANGLADESHI pupils gain 5 A - Cs or more

      1. LINGUISTIC & INTELLECTUAL SKILLS

ENGELMANN ET AL consider the language spoken by low income, black American families as INADEQUATE FOR EDUCATIONAL SUCCESS. They see it as UNGRAMMATICAL & INCAPABLE OF EXPRESSING IDEAS (RESTRICTED CODE)

HOWEVER, the SWANN REPORT disagrees with this & found that ethnic language was NOT A MAJOR FACTOR IN UNDERACHIEVEMENT. Furthermore, it has been noted that INDIAN PUPILS DO VERY WELLM DESPITE OFTEN NOT HAVING ENGLISH AS THEIR HOME LANGUAGE.

      2. VALUES AND ATTITUDES

The lack of motivation of ethnic minorities has been identified as a possible reason for academic failure. Some sociologists believe this can arise from parental values and attitudes. Ethnic minority culture may not socialise children into mainstream values which emphasise ambition & competitiveness. - statement can be related to:

  • HYMAN'S SELF IMPOSED BARRIERS - some ethnic minorities may be socialised into a …

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