The Congittive Model of Depression- BECK (1967)
- depression is the result of maladaptive congitive processes.
- Beck beliebe there a 3 aspects to his congitive model: the congitive triad, congitive errors and negative schemate,
THE CONGITIVE TRIAD:
- THE WORLD
- THE FURTURE
CATASTROPHISING is involved as the individual interprets every situation in the worst possible way, seeing disaster when there is none,
- COGNITIVE ERRORS mean that an individual gives selective attention to the negative side of a situation and always ignores the positive aspects. BECK DESCRIBED THIS A FAULTY THOUGHT PATTERNS. the 'downside' is overestimated so that the most negative conclusion possible is reached when in a situation.
- this may mean depressed people believe other are critical of them, that they are always failing, that people are not speaking to them as they do not like them.
- Beck suggests that the more the person interprets things negatively the more depressed they become causing mood to spiral downwards.
- BECK argues people with unipolar depression develop negative schemata, which is patterns of maladaptive thoughs and beliefs built up through experiences of the world.
- There can be a range of developmental expierences such as genetic factors, peer rejection, loss of a paretn or criticism from teachers.
- These negative schemata then shape how an individual assings meanings to the events.
- It is suggested a generalised negative belief pattern will make someone vunerable to depression.