Beck's cognitive theory of depression:
- Faulty information processing: When depressed we attend to the negative aspects of a situation and ignore positives. E.g. a depressed person winning £1 million on the Lottery, but focusing that the previous week's winner won £10 million.
- Negative self-schemas: Negative packages of ideas and information developed through experience. We interpret all information about ourselves in a negative way.
The negative triad:
A). Negative views about the world - there is no hope, the world is a 'cold, hard place'.
B). Negative views of the future - reduced hopefulness, 'the economy isn't going to get better'
C). Negative view of the self - low self-esteem, 'I'm a failure'
- It has good supporting evidence -
Ellis's ABC model:
- Ellis defined irrational thoughts…