Explain how and why the USA became involved in war in Korea between

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• The Truman Doctrine of 1947 widened the USA’s commitment to

contain the spread of communism.......

Truman stated that the USA would help any country resisting “armed minorities” or “outside pressures”......

• The loss of China to communism in 1949 with the victory of Mao Ze

Dong in the Chinese civil war was a blow for the USA.......

In 1949 the USSR developed an atomic bomb and in 1950 communist USSR and

China signed a Treaty of Friendship......

Cold war tensions shifted from Europe to Asia......

Many Americans believed in the Domino Theory – all countries in Asia were in danger from communism......

• Korea was divided along Cold War lines in 1948 along the 38th Parallel.....

North Korea was ruled by Kim II Sung, a communist and South Korea

by Syngman Rhee supported by the USA......

American and Russian troops left but both Korean leaders wanted to reunite all of

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