Norris & Inglehart – Existential Security Theory
· Reject religious market theory as it only applies to America and doesn’t explain the variations in religiosity between different societies.
· Variations in religiosity between societies are due to different degrees of existential security – the feeling that survival is secure enough that it can be taken for granted.
· Religion meets a need of security – so societies where people feel secure have a low level of demand for religion:
Ø Poor societies – people face life-threatening risks, so they have high levels of insecurity, thus high levels of religiosity. Poor people in rich societies also face insecurity and are therefore more religious.
Ø Rich societies – people have a high standard of living and are less t risk, so they have a greater sense of security and thus lower levels of religiosity.
· Explains why poor Third World countries remain religious, while…