example 24 mark question


outline and assess was in which young people are soicalised into gender identities.

There are six agents of socialisation. these are family, workplace, religion, media, peer groups and education, some of them have more effect than others.

Young people are socialised by the family and this is one of the most influential.

One theorist that looked into how young people are socialised into gender identities by the family was Anne Oakley.

Anne oakley came up with four categories that show how young people are socialised by the family. these categories were canalisation, manipulation, different activities and verbal appilation.

Canalisation is when a child's interests are channeled into gender appropriate hobbies or games.  for example a girl would be channeled into likeing dolls while boys would be channeled into likeing cars.

Manipulation is when a childs behaviour is manipulated, usually for a psychological term known as operant conditioning which involves the use of positive and negative sancations for gender appropriate or not gender appropriate bahaviour.

The use of different activities means that the child is involved in activties that are seen to be gender apprpriate by the family, for example a boy might be asked to help with car maintenance, wheras a girl might be asked to help with the cooking or cleaning.

Verbal appilation is the language we use, so that young people learn their gender identity through the endearments or words that are said to them doing a telling off, and then associate these words with their identity. for example calling a boy "naughty little man" or a girl " little princess"

Using all these four ways, a child can learn to associate certain things with different behaviour, and through…


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