‘Everyone knows what ‘good’ is’ Discuss essay plan

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  • Created by: Lottie
  • Created on: 14-11-12 16:51

‘Everyone knows what ‘good’ is’ Discuss



  • Metaethics: branch of ethics that aims to determine the usefulness of ethical language
  • Cognotivists believes that ethical language  is meaningful, thus everyone should know what good is
  • Non-cognotivists believe that ethical language is  subjective, thus not everyone can know what good is


Paragraph 1 : everyone knows what good is via Naturalism

  • Cognitivist theory
  • Ethical statements statements can be verified/falsified & same as non-ethical statements
  • Factual statements and evidence from the natural world deduce ethical conclusions
  • E.g. abortion is wrong because it ends life of a foetus
  • Bradley: from learning our place in society, we can know what good is


Paragraph 2: critique of Naturalism using Hume

  • You cannot deduce an ‘ought’ from an is just as naturalism doees when stating what is right or wrong by looking at examples from the natural world


Paragraph 3: Building on Hume’s view using  G.E. Moore on intuitionism

  • G.E. Moore states that this commits the naturalistic fallacy
  • Opened ended question of what good is just as describing the colour yellow


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