Evaluation of the working memory model

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  • Created by: izzy
  • Created on: 09-06-13 20:00

This model has been extremely influential and most cognitive psychologists now use the term working memory in preference to the term STM. It is a much more plausible model than the multi-store model because it explains STM in terms of both temporary storage and active processing. It also incorporates verbal rehearsal as just one optional process within the articulatory loop instead of being the sole mans of transferring information as suggested by Atkinson and Shiffrin.

It is possible to apply the model to previous research data and reinterpret it withing the framework of working memory. It can account for findings that are difficult for multi-store models to explain, eg some of the selective memory deficits that have been found in brain-damaged patients such as KF.

While the multi-store models are structural models, there is an attempt in the working memory model to explain how the memory functions. Baddeley et al. (1998) have presented evidence that the phonological loop, for example, plays a key role in the development of reading and that the phonological loop is not operative in some children with dyslexia. While it seems to be less crucial for fluent, adult readers, it still has an important role in helping…


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