The theory can appear to be redictionist in its explanation. the fact that criminal behaivour tends to run in families is not necascerily due to imitation but could be due to circimstances such as social deprivation or to genetic propensoty to behave in an anti-social way. For example looking at anumbe of stidies the average concordance rate is 55% for MZ twins and 17% foe DZ twins Bartol 1999.
Although Bandura identified cognitive factors of SLT , the theory underplays the role of cognition such as rationality. Yochelson 1884 found that compared to non-criminal, criminals have a distorted thinking pattern which resulted in various faulty processes including denial of responsibility.