Equity Theory (Maintenance)

Equity Theory


> WALSTER ET AL. came up with equity theory.

Inequity and distress

> MESSICK AND COOK said that equity theory is an extension of the underlying belief of social exchange theory, with its central assumption that people strive to achieve fairness in their relationships & feel distressed if they perceive unfairness.

> Any kind of inequity has the potential to create distress.

> People who give loads to a relationship and get little in return would perceive inequity and therefore be dissatisfied in the relationship.

> The greater the perceived inequity, the greater the dissatisfaction & the greater the dissatisfaction, the greater the distress.

Ratio of inputs and outputs

> Ratio of inputs and outputs.

> Equity doesn't necessarily mean equality.

> It's possible for each partner to contribute & receive different amounts and for the relationship to still be equitable.

> What's considered 'fair' in a relationship, in terms of input & output, is largely a subjective opinion for each partner.

> If one partner sees themselves as putting in less than the other, the relationship will still be judged fair if they get less out of the relationship.

> An equitable relationship should be one where a partner's benefits minus their…


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