English Terms Revision

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  • Created by: patrinda
  • Created on: 23-05-11 18:09

 

 o   Non-fluency- ‘erm, er’ etc.-Any features that make it clear it is spontaneous which is fillers and hesitations.

 

o      Filler-is a voiced pause such as ‘er’ and ‘erm’.

 

o      Imagery-Creating imagery with words.

 

o      Phatic talk- making small talk, saying things for the sake of it ‘a nice morning isn’t it?’

 

Rhythm- some stressed some non-stressed-giving a text a beat.

 

o      Rhyming pattern- An example: ABAB

 

Compound- ‘blackbird’, ‘handbag’ and ‘skateboard’- putting two words together.

 

o      Neologisms-made up words

 

Suffix- goes on the end such as ’ly’

 

o      Prefix-goes at the front

 

Political correctness-not offending anyone.

 

o      Teenspeak-slang

 

 Back formation- changes the word class ‘editor’ to ‘to edit’.

 

o      Tag question- integrative- expecting a reply.

 

Sociolect- the words you chose to use within your social group.

 

o      Idioms- Cliché an overused metaphor- he kicked the bucket- can mean literally kicked the bucket or died.

 

Euphemism-mild expression-‘he passed away’

 

o      Syllables- how many beats per word.

 

 Acronym- USA- ‘United States Of America’

 

o      Sonnet- 14 lines in a poem.

 

 Rhyming couplet- two lines that rhyme.

 

o      Pragmatics- study of language.

 

Double negative- ‘I aint got no food’.

 

o      Estuary

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