Pre 1914: Ben Jonson : On my first Sonne
- Jonson contrasts his feelings of sorrow with what he thinks he ought to feel - happiness that his son is in a better place.
- Jonson writes as if talking to his son - and as if he assumes that the boy can hear or read his words.
- Uses iambic pentameter
- arranges the lines in rhyming pairs, which we call couplets.
:William Shakespeare: Sonnet 130
- Having acknowledged all of her imperfections or limitations, the poet swears that his beloved is, nonetheless, as special as any woman "belied" (misrepresented) by "false compare" (untrue or lying comparisons).
- it has a twelve line section (organized as three quatrains - groups of four lines - with an ABAB rhyme)
- concluding rhymed couplet
: Robert Browning: My Last Duchess
- Specifically he faults her for finding equal pleasure in four things - as if they are not at all of equal value.
- his "favour at her breast" - either a reference to their love-making or merely to the duke's approval of her appearance
- the sun setting
- a gift of fruit from an unnamed courtier
- the white mule she rode
- Dramatic monologue
- Iambic pentameter
: Robert Browning: The Laboratory