Encoding in STM and LTM

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Encoding refers to the way that information is changed so that it can be stored in memory.

There are two types of encoding: sematic and acoustic.

Semantic encoding: This involves encoding on the basis of meaning. If we give meaning to information we are more likely to remember that information. For example we may spearte the information out into meagniful segments. We use sematic encoding when we want to store informtion in LTM.

Acoustic encoding: This involves encoding information according to how it sounds. When a person is presented…


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