Emancipation Provisions and Impact 1861
- Released from ties with the landowner.
- Become free men (marry, own a business/property, legal rights)
- Each family (not domestic) could keep cottage and land (amount depended on that available)
- Landlords got compensation for the loss of land 'Government bonds'.
- Peasants had to pay annual redemption dues for 49 years.
- Serfs remained in the Mir until all payments were complete. Mir distributed land, controlled the farming and collected tax.
- Paid labour service for 2 years before coming free men although landlords couldn't alter their demands.
- Landowners remained ownership of meadows, pasture and woodland which was farmed by a paid labourer.
- Volosts- local administrative areas of 200- 3,000 people- were established in a number of villages to supervise the Mir.
- Communal courts, some degree of peasant self-government.
- Land allocations and could buy extra land.
- Kulaks(a peasant rich enough to buy a farm and hire labour) increased estate size and could produce surplus grain to sell for exports.
- Sell land, forfeit rights in the Mir and move to the city.
- Resentment to the redemption…