EK work - Eiv 1st reign

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  • Created by: ekelley
  • Created on: 27-04-16 17:33

EIV's first rule 1461 - 1470

Establishing himself as King:

  • Proclaimed king 4th March 1461
    > refused to be crowned until after he destroyed other king and brought peace
  • Needed to defeat the Lancastrians
    > funding campaign
       ~ London pro-Yorkists (since July 1460 lent over £4,000) + extra £4,000
       ~ aquired loans from merchants + religious houses
    > recruiting men
       ~ made up of attainders in own estates in Wales + Welsh Marshes
       ~ 6th March 1461 issued proclamation any HVI supporters w/in 10days recieve pardon + 100 marks/yr
    > reached Towton army evenly matched 50,000 each 28/9 March 1461
       ~ EIV kingly leadership
       ~ HVI, Anjou and Prince of Wales escaped to Scotland
    > crowned king of England and France 28th June 1461

Dealing with the Lancastrian Threat:

  • HVI, Queen + Prince Edward able to stir up trouble w/ support of foreign powers (eg. Scotland + France)
    > provide rallying points for Lancastrian supporters (NE)
    >Towton helped remove great powers
       ~ eg. Clifford + Northumberland
  • Didn't seem in position to cause serious probs
    > mental King + unpopular Queen
  • Took over 3 yrs to deal w/ prob
    > large amount of supporters in Wales and North East
    > Percy's , Cliffords. Exeter and Somerset

Henry VI -

  • Figurehead Lancastrian cause
    > HVI still command support in England
  • Support from L-families, foreign powers (+ dislike for EIV)
    > want HVI to regain crown after own gain
  • 1462 v few local gentry support HVI cause
  • 1464: Lancastrians 2 defeats in north (by Yorkist force led by John Neville)
    > Hedgeley Moor
    > Hexham
       ~ HVI -> NW , Anjou + son -> France
  • HVI in tower July 1465
    > not killed (until EIV 2nd reign)
       ~ may have put more hopes on Prince = more probs
    > betrayed by local genrty

Margaret of Anjou - 

  • Underestimated determination to

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