Egyptian Wars (1163-71)
- King Amalric of Jerusalem
- Shirkuh, Nur ad-Din's second in command
- Shawar Vizier of Egypt
Amalric needed land to protect Otramer
Nur ad-Din could not allow Franks to gain fertile land and the riches/ man power
Egypt was weak, had to ally with either Muslims or Franks or they would have lost all land etc anyway.
1) Amalric attacked Egypt but had no man power to succeed so he had to retreat back to Jerusalem.
2) Egypt is weak, Vizier…