Effects of Insulin:
- increases the permeability if cell membranes to glucose, thereby increasing the rate of glucose uptake by cells.
- stimulates the liver and muscles cells to convert glucose into glycogen for storage.
- increases oxidation of glucose during tissue respiration.
is a disease in which the body is unable to control its blood glucose concentration so that it remains within normal limits.
blood glucose concentration exceeds the kidney's ability to completely reabsorb all the glucose.
at risk of developing infections of the feet and face.
may also affect the eyes, leading to blindness.
Type 1 diabetes