Educational market in the past 25 years

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What it means/what it is asking me to do:

Using Item 1, marketisation policies such as league tables & open enrolment aim to create competition between schools and to increase parental choice.

Issues & debates:

  • Compensatory - based on social democratic thinking, which sought to overcome the disadvantages faced by the poorest students.
  • Marketisation - schools compete to attract pupils & educational standards improve

Paragraph 1

  • Conservative government introduced policies such as open enrolment (allows the most popular schools to expand which encouraged competition between schools and collegesto attract students) and formula funding (to reward popular schools that succeed in attracting students, those who don't will risk getting closed) to allow schools to expand and gain more money.
  • Which means that schools are encouraging competition between other schools to attract students and those who succeed in the education market will be rewarded with status and money
  • This shows in the past 25 years education has become more based around money instead of student skills and abilities.
  • However, between 1979 - 1997 a number of schemes were developed that aimed to reduce youth unemployment, increase young people's skill levels & make them more aware of the world of work. This became known as the 'new vocationalism'. This means that learning providers are focused on teaching the appropriate skills for the work place.

Paragraph 2 

  • Labour government introduced policies such as academies programme (schools could be set up in partnership with employers & other sponsors to replace failing schools, business investment & expertise could be used to help schools


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