education - topic 2

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  • Created by: hayrhere
  • Created on: 22-03-15 03:15

General:

·         Small scale/micro detailed studies

·         Qualitative research

o   E.g. unstructured interviews, participant/non-participant interviews

·        

Through interactions with each other

 

Discover how -> teachers/pupils

o   Experience education

o   Interpret/define situations

o   Develop meaning – situations -> influence –behaviour/achievement

 

School ethos:

·         School character/atmosphere e.g.

o   Pupil all ability – valued/encouraged

o   Emphasis - academic/sports/artistic success

o   Emphasis – equality = 0 tolerance racism/sexism

o   Encourage parent involvement  -> help school trips/newsletters

Hidden Curriculum:

·         Ethos – reflected/supported by -> hidden curriculum (+ overt/formal curriculum) 

·        

Communicate school values + encourage respect for them

 

Students learn – value/attitude school through -> participate school routine e.g.

o   Sport specialism = display trophies

o   Faith school = display religious artefacts(cross etc)

·         Rutter et al

o   Book = ‘Fifteen Thousand Hours: Secondary School’

o   Effect sec school – kids

o   Attempt show -> good school = different life chance

o   Suggest – school organisation =- difference e.g.

§  Teachers well prepared lessons

§  Teachers  emphasis –praise/encouragement THAN blame/punishment

§  Mixed ability school (high influence low academic+ behaviour)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stereotyping -A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing

A stereotype is “...a fixed, over generalized belief about a particular group or class of people.” (Cardwell, 1996)

 

Stereotyping:

·         Hargreaves, Hester, Mellor

o   Book – ‘Deviance in Classroom’ 1975

o   Study

§   interview (teachers)

§  Classroom observation

§  2 secondary school

o   Analysed way – student typed/classified

o    Examined

§  Teachers ‘get to know’ new kids

§  Limited knowledge -> pupil

§  Only know catchment area

o   3 stages of typing

o   1st  = Speculation

§  Guess typing according to –

·        

7 main criterions

 

Appearance

·         Conform to discipline

·          Deviant or not

·         ability/enthusiasm

·         Relationship other students

·        

3 stages of typing

 

 

Personality

·         Likability

§  Change if – prove wrong

§  Working hypothesis – theory of type of child

o   2nd stage = elaboration

§  Hypothesis – confirmed/contradicted

§  More confident – judgement

o   3rd stage = Stabilisation

§  Teacher feels – ‘He knows’ student

§  Student acts evaluated – thought type

·        

1st = ‘fast learners’

 

Rist(1970)

o   Study

o  

2nd & 3rd = less able

 

American kindergarten

o   Early As – 8 days – kids in 3 tables

o   In reality -> tables =

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