Education 1700 - 1900

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  • Created by: Ruth
  • Created on: 10-05-10 18:54

Education for the Poor in 1700s

  • Most English children did not go to school at all
  • In the 1700s education was provide d by religious groups to the poor children
  • Children could go to Charity Schools, Sunday Schools or Dame Schools

Charity Schools

  • Set up by a member of the Church of England
  • The clergy (churchmen) would raise money and build a school
  • Pupils were given free colour uniforms

Sunday Schools

  • Set up by Methodist Chapels
  • They taught any child who came along
  • Religion and Reading where taught
  • Poor children attended the school on a Sunday when they did not work

Robert Raikes School opened in 1780

· He helped to make them more popular

· He hoped children would learn better habits by reading the bible

Sunday schools failed because they showed that if poor children were to have a proper education they needed to attend ALL week not just on a Sunday.

Dame Schools

  • Any child could attend a Dame school
  • The schools were mainly for INFANTS
  • The teacher was usually FEMALE and she usually taught them in her OWN HOME
  • Pupils had to pay 1p per week (CHECK IF ITS 1p or 4P??)
  • The education was not very good

Charity Schools


  • Were free to attend
  • Over 20,000 poor children were educated
  • By 1727 they were in nearly all counties in England and Wales
  • As well as the 4Rs (Reading, Writing, Arithmetic & Religion)useful skills were taught to boys and girls


  • There were too few and only a small proportion of children got a place
  • Places were difficult to get – Parents had to be;
    • Members of the Church of England
    • Sober
    • Well Behaved and Poor

Sunday Schools


  • First attempt to educate the whole poor population
  • Free to attend
  • Any child could attend
  • Important religious instruction were given
  • Over 250,000 pupils attended by 1795


  • Attendance was NOT compulsory
  • Some teachers could not read or write properly themselves
  • Often they just provided a child minding service – not education
  • They were overcrowded with a foul atmosphere
  • Children were not interested in learning after working all week

Dame Schools


  • Some infants would have had a decent education in some Dame Schools


  • 4p was too much to pay for some families
  • They were overcrowded with a foul atmosphere
  • Many of the Women teachers could not read or write properly themselves
  • Only infants could attend

Dr Andrew Bell

  • He was a Scotsman who lived in India
  • Bell taught orphaned children in Madras
    • With a lack of money
    • With bad teachers (mainly ex army men)
    • Tried to improve education
  • He brought in the Monitorial system

Monitorial System

  • Bell appointed an


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