- Created by: lydia.corr
- Created on: 16-06-18 17:29
Britain's schools pre 1900
-Until the 19th c., there were few schools
-Most of those that existed were run by church authorities and stressed religious education. Very sectarian. -- different religious groups – outside religion
-Church of England resisted early attempts for the state to provide secular education.
-Education was highly stratified by class
-Pervasive child labour
-Reluctant to levy taxes for schools – people didn’t want to pay for them
The "Voluntary" schools – 1800s:
-As the population expanded and urbanised in the 19th c., philanthropists were concerned to provide schools for the poor because they:
Genuinely wanted to help,
Saw it as a way of decreasing crime
Wanted to instil religious principles
-These were known as "voluntary" schools
-By 1870, only a quarter of the children went to school
-"Foster" Education Act of 1870 – for the first time brought education into remit of govt. For the first-time education wasn’t delivered purely by independent schools (esp Church).
-Schools were provided for children 5-12 yrs.