- Theyre mostly located in the northern hemisphere with most of them being in Europe covering most of the UK and France, and eastern America.
- The deciduous woodland has growing time of around 140-200 days.
- The dominant vegetation is broad leaf trees such as oak, elm and walnut trees.
5 different layers:
- Tree layer- most of the high trees such as oak, beech, maple
- Sapling or small tree layer - short and young trees
- Shrub layer- shrubs such as huckleberries
- Herb layer-contains small plants
- Ground layer-lichens, mosses
Because in the cold seasons the trees drop their leaves there is a fertile soil which tends to travel quite deep and this is typically split up into four zones, these are:
Humus – this is the decomposed leaf litter which has turned into fertile compost as it cannot be decomposed any more.
Humus mixed with minerals/ very little minerals- this is where the humus has been mixed with minerals which help improver fertility of soil.
Bedrock- this is an impermeable layer where water…