Economic and social change - Witte 1

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Impact of Emancipation

  • Major problem facing Russia before 1861 was surfdom
  • 80% population were peasants of which over half were surfs
  • Serfs were good agricultural labourers tied to the land, controlled by owners of the land
  • Early 1800's unrest among the serf population
  • The system was seen as a major obstacle to economic development
  • It encouraged subsistence agriculture which failed to produce enough grain to create enough economic wealth for industrialisation 
  • 1861 ukase (imperial…


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