Ecological Theories in Crime SCY4
Different enoviroments can generate different collective values that can either prevent or motivate crime.
Functionalists such as Durkheim have identified the importance of ecological factors. He argues a rapid change, such as urbanisation and industrialisation, can breakdown societys norms and values. This then leads to anomie.
Shaw and Mckay claim human behaviour is determined by social, physical and environmental facors. They use the term Disorganisation which refers to the continued movement of people in and out of the zone of transition (where lower classes live, where…