Development and Tourism

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Development & Tourism
 
·          Development
act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining
·          Poverty
The state of being lacking in money and therefore unable to provide for basic needs
·          LEDC/MEDC/NIC
MEDC - more economically developed countries
LEDC - less economically developed countries
NIC - newly industrialized country
·          Life Expectancy
the average period that a person may expect to live
·          Infant Mortality
number of deaths under one year old per 1,000 live births
·          Birth/Death rate
the number of births/deaths per thousand of population per year
·          Literacy rate
the proportion of the population over age fifteen that can read and write.
·          Human Development Index
a composite statistic used to rank countries by level of “human development” and separate developed (high development), developing (middle development), and underdeveloped (low development) countries.
·          GDP per capita
refers to the market value of all officially recognized final goods and services produced within a country in a given period. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country’s standard of living. GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income
·          Income gap
Economic inequality (or wealth and income differences) comprises all disparities in the distribution of economic assets and income. The term typically refers to inequality among individuals and groups within a society, but can also refer to inequality among countries also refer to inequality among countries.
·          Millennium Development Goals
The Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that all 192 UN member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015
·          Government/Bilateral Aid
·          International/Multilateral Aid
aid from mulitiple countries. Aid provided by a group of countries, or an institution representing a group of countries such as the World Bank, to one or more recipient countries
·          Charitable Aid
·          Emergency Aid
·          Tourism
travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes
·          Rostow’s Model
a model that shows how a country should develop economically
·          Sustainable development
development that meets the need of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs
·          Quality of life
the general well being of individuals and societies
·          Standard of living
The degree of wealth and material comfort available to a person or community
·          Sustainable tourism
sustainable tourism is an industry committed to make a low impact on the environment and local culture, while helping to generate future employment for local people.
refers to a level of tourism activity that can be maintained over the long term because it results in a net benefit for the social, economic, natural and cultural environments of the area in which it takes place
·          Multiplier effect
·          Ecotourism
tourism directed toward exotic, often

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