Movement towards detente that was advance by the West German leader Willy Brandt designed to improve relationships between NATO and Warsaw Pact countries.
Origins of Ostopolitik
- Underlying objective of Western German leaders was the reunification of Germany.
- 1969 - new government formed in West Germany under the leadership of Brandt who felt contact with the eastern bloc was the best way to establish and stabilise relations.
- Brandt signed the The Treaty of Moscow (1970) and the Basic Principles Treaty (1972).
- In doing so he acepted the existing borders between Eastern and Western Germany.
- For Brandt this was the first stage in a dialogue with East Germany that he hoped would lead to reunification.
Ostopolitik and Eastern Europe
- Eastern bloc countries welcomed Ostopolitik for two reasons:
- It would help improve trade relations with the west.
- It would give them access to Western technology.
The Helsinki Accords 1975
- Improving relations led to the Helsinki Accords.
- They were issued following an international conference involving 33 countries including the Soviet Union.