How successful was detente 1969 - 1976?
SALT 2 negotiations
- After the success of SALT 1, further arms control was difficult to achieve.
- SALT 2 negotiations were protracted and difficult and by 1976 the terms of the treaty were still being dsicussed:
- The US's allies in Europe were concerned about the deployment of the Soviet SS20 medium-range missile.
- The West Germans were worried that US arms reduction would leave Germany poorly defended.
- There was resistance in the US Congress - Henry Jackson argued that the USSR would use the treaty to slow US arms production in order the ovetake the US in terms of miltary might.
- The Watergate Scandal, which led to Nixon's resignation, sapped the authority of the US government weaking its negotiating position at the Vladivostok Summit 1974.
- The Vladivostok Agreement of 1974 set out the basis for further negotations: both sides agreed to equal limits for missile launchers and strategic bombers.
- However, the Vladivostok Agreement fell short of a full treaty and SALT 2 negotiations continued in the late 1970s.
- One of Nixon and Kissinger's main aims for detente was the normalisation of superpower relations.