Design Movements

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Arts and Crafts Movement:

* Founded by William Morris in the late 19th century

* For wallpaper, furniture and textiles

* Includes organic shapes and patterns found in nature

* Upright and angular furniture

* Made by hand by skilled craftsmen

Why nature?

* Was against poor working conditions

* Was against the negative environmental impacts of industrialisation

* So he tried to promote the production of quality products

Characteristics of his work:

* Made from expensive materials

* Used traditional manufacturing technique

Only the wealthy could afford his work


Art Nouveau:

From a shop that opened in Paris in 1895

Glass, furniture, fabrics and wrought ironwork

* Uses organic lines of climbing plants, Japanese


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