Describe and evaluate the multi-store model

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Atkinson and Shiffrin suggests that memory is made up of a series of stored. The multi store model describes memory in terms of information flowing through a system. Information is detected by the sense organs and enters the sensory memory. If attended to this information enters the short term memory. Information from the STM is transferred to the long term memory only if the information is rehearsed. If rehearsal does not occur, then information is forgotten, lost from short term memory through the processes of displacement of decay. Information passes from store to store in a linear way. Each store has its own characteristic in terms of encoding, capacity and duration. The sensory memory has a duration of a quarter of a second, a capacity of all sensory experiences and encoding is sense specific. Short term memory has a duration of 0-18 second, capacity of 7+/- 2 items and information is encoded auditory. Long term memory has an unlimited duration and capacity and information is encoded semantically but can also be visual and auditory. 

Many memory model studies provide…


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