Definition 1 DEVIATION FROM SOCIAL NORMS
- deviation refers to deviant behaviour - behaviour considered unacceptable by the majority.
- There are social norms in any society - acceptable behaviour set up by social groups.
- Politeness is an idea of a norm because people may find interaction difficult otherwise.
- Social standards adhere to more moral behaviour as well, sexual behaviour. Homosexuality was classified as deviant, but is not nowadays.
- Susceptible to abuse
- It varies as time changes (homosexuality). In Russia, anyone disagreeing with the state ran a risk of being placed in a mental institution.
- If we use this definition we welcome definitions based on prevailing social morals and attitudes.
- Deviance is related to context and degree
- The context of the behaviour is important, wearing a bikini on a beach is acceptable whereas wearing this on the street is not, possibly an indication of a mental disorder.
- No clear line between an abnormal deviation and eccentricity.
- Social deviance on its own cannot offer a complete definition of abnormality.
- Cultural Relitivism
- Influenced by cultural factors.
- Disorders are diagnosed differently in different places. Diagnosis may be different for the same person in two different…