3.1 What is so important about the Last Supper?
Feast of Unleavened Bread- First day of the Passover festival
Last Supper- When Jesus ate with His disciples for the last time and the moment where the Eucharist was discovered.
Passover- Jewish festival celebrating the release from Egypt
-upper room- The room where the Last Supper took place
-Passover. It is a whole week in the year where Jewish families get together and eat a meal in memory of the freedom of slavery of Jews.
-;'This is my body'- Priest says it in mass
-Also said in the 'Feeding of the 5000'- shows confidence
-'This is my blood'- sacrifice
-'Covenant'- Prophets made a promise with God, Jesus made a promise with God that He will forgive our sins.
-'Poured out for many'- Jesus is here to help everyone
-This shows that Jesus is in authority when He told the disciples to fetch a colt for the Passover lamb, which is needed for sacrifice as it was the Feast of the Unleavened Bread.
Links between Last Supper and Passover:
-Use of Matzvah bread-Both very important meals
Importance for St.Mark:
-For those Christians who have been pastly or presently persecuted
-Jesus' last time with the disciples- wanted them to know the meaning of the broken bread and wine
3.2 Christians today?
-Catholics- Jesus in present spiritually in the bread and wine as we consume them
Consubstantion: Jesus is really present within the bread and wine which are offered through the celebration. There isn't any physical change in the bread or the wine.
Receptionism:Jesus in present spiritually in the bread and wine as we consume them. But they believe that there isn't any physical change too.
Memorialism: Bread and wine are just symbols of Jesus' death and resurrection.
-Quakers: don't celebrate the Eucharist- don't rely on the outward trappings of worship
3.3 Garden of Gethsemane
Gethsemane- Jesus was arrested here.
-Jesus shows a sense of both humanity and divinity
--He didn't want to be tortured but had to do it to fulfil God's plan
-Human agonies- despair, fear, tiredness
-Disappointment towards the disciples
-If Jesus had so many questions to ask God, how can He be God?
-'Not what I will but what you will'- Could Jesus be seperate from the Trinity
-Peter can't be promising as the first Pope as he fell asleep when Jesus needed him/them most.
-We should be faithful to God and pray for His guidance.
3.4 Betrayal and arrest
Judas Iscariot- The disciple who betrayed Jesus
-'swords and clubs'- expecting a warrior-like Messiah not a humble one
-Alternatively- Jewish leaders came to attack Jesus not Roman soldiers- shows that they believed Jesus wasn't that strong
- Disciples were human beings like us, they were scared and ran away. Just like if we doubt our faith, we run away from it.
-Judas was always a traitor. The…