Positive impact on social development
Social development refers to the growth of the child's ability to form realtionships with others and to acquire a level of independence.
Borge at al
- Using 3431 2-3 year olds they compared home reared children with day care children
- Socio-economic status of families, number of siblings and mothers education were recorded
- Mothers were given a questionnaire to complete related to aggressive behaviour displayed by their child
Aggression was significantly higher in home reared children, therefore quality of daycare may be a significant factor.
- Childcare not only helps with the interactions between children and peers and adults, but the children are more prepared and have a better understanding about the social world.
- When a child was put in a new situation the child that attended daycare acted less timid/distressed and were able to entertain and soothe themselves
- Children are more likely to be self-confident, outgoing, assertive, verbally expressive and self sufficient
- Children who attended daycare had increased independence and peer sociability from a study of 3000 3-7 year olds
- They are able to play longer, share, respond better to their peers and have more friends
Negative impact on social development
Campbell, Hwang and Lang
- Swedish children studied at intervals from 18months to 15 years
- A baseline was established by early observation in the home and daycare facility
- Children were cared for by a mixture of nursery and family-based care
- Observations and interviews relating to social development were carried out
- At 15 participants were asked to complete 2 questionnaires on…